New evolution of the political dynamics of Sudan, where on November 21 the president of the Sovereign Council of Transition, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, has reinstated to the post of Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, removed after the coup of last October 25 promoted by the same armed forces.
State television showed the president and the Prime Minister during the ceremony for the signing of the government’s appointment, thus confirming to the many protesters – who have been protesting the military coup for weeks – that the civilian prime minister had indeed been reinstalled in his post.
The decision to reinstate Abdalla Hamdok at the head of the Sudanese government comes after weeks of incessant protests throughout the country, often characterized by violence by the police and the army, causing the death of many people.
The continuity of the political balance determined by the military coup was unsustainable for the team that promoted its development last October 25, having to make compromises with the opposition forces and especially with the former prime minister, loudly claimed by the protesting society.
The agreement for the reinstatement of Abdalla Hamdok also includes the release of political prisoners imprisoned following the coup, the restoration of the Council of Ministers dissolved last October and the integration of armed militias within the regular army, while the actual terms of the political mandate negotiated with General al-Burhan, according to the local press articulated on 14 points of agreement, are not clear at present.
What is clear, however, is the increasingly wide split within the armed forces between the regular components, represented by General al-Burhan, and those of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) of General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, who is mostly blamed for the coup last month.
General al-Burhan has in fact publicly committed himself once again to disband the militias – among which certainly the Rapid Support Forces occupy a prominent role – integrating them into the armed forces. This implies, at least in theory, also the dissolution of the enormous economic apparatus under the direct control of the RSF leadership, opening however the possibility of a reaction by General Dagalo and his inner circle of command in the RSF.
Also opposed to the new political agreement, on a different front, are the political formations of the Sudan Freedom and Change Forces (FCC) coalition, which do not consider the position of al-Burhan and the armed forces to be sincere. The FCC forces also complain that the agreement reached with Abdalla Hamdok not only erases the responsibility for the coup of last October 25, but in fact re-legitimizes the military leaders who were its architects.
The Umma party, the main party in Sudan, has also rejected the agreement and the members of the Sudan Doctors’ Union (SDS) are also against it, as they too are not willing to legitimize the leaders of the armed forces.
The FCC and the SDS have organized a large protest demonstration in front of the presidential palace as soon as the news of the signing of the agreement between General a-Burhan and Prime Minister Hamdok circulated, managing to gather many adherents who chanted slogans against the leaders of the military system.
Although the main criticism was addressed to the top of the military apparatus, it is tangible in the Sudanese protest a deep disappointment for the role played by Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok in his negotiations with General al-Burhan, which many see as a betrayal of the original revolutionary spirit that had led to the controversial experiment of the Sovereign Council of Transition with the military.
Many, therefore, wonder if Hamdok will actually be able to manage this new phase of transition or if, on the contrary, he will soon be lumped in with the military apparatus and lose the support of Sudanese society.