In a crescendo of political and military tensions along the borders of the disputed area of al-Fashaga, under Sudanese sovereignty but populated by Ethiopian farming communities, the government of Khartoum ordered on November 25 its armed forces to close the border points between the two countries in the area of Gallabat. The decision was officially motivated by the need to prevent the increase in refugee flows generated by the ongoing conflict in the regions of Tigray and Amhara, with the positioning of reinforcements of the Sudanese army along the entire border area.
The Sudanese government then accused Ethiopia of having conducted a military operation on November 27 in the al-Fashaga area, and in particular in the vicinity of the village of Malakawa, causing the death of six Khartoum soldiers and the wounding of many others.
The following November 29 General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, president of the Sovereign Council of Transition, personally went to the al-Fashaga area, while the local Sudanese media – commenting on the clashes of the previous days – accused the Ethiopian federal forces, the Amhara ones and also the Eritreans of being responsible for the clashes.
The Sudanese press has also given the news of the death in the fighting along the border areas of Major Wael Taha, commander of the local army garrison, crediting him with having repelled an offensive strong of 6,000 Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers.
The fighting resumed on November 30, when Sudanese forces launched an offensive against some outposts of Ethiopian, Amharasian and Eritrean forces along the border between the two countries, forcing them – according to Khartoum media – to retreat across the border.
The Sudanese army, according to the spokesman of the armed forces, would have engaged the opposing forces in the area of Shaybet, conducting repeated attacks with artillery and Katyusha missiles that lasted until the next day. Dozens, according to Sudanese sources, the adversary losses.